|Speech in Stockholm +40 Partnerships for Sustainable Development Forum|
Premier Wen Jiabao of the People's Republic of China
(April 25, 2012)
Dear His Majesty King Carl XVI Gustaf,
Dear Speaker Westerberg, Prime Minister Reinfeldt
Honourable Ministers, ladies and gentlemen, friends:
Behalf of the Chinese Government, expressed warm congratulations on the convening of the Stockholm +40 Partnerships for Sustainable Development Forum!
40 years ago, the United Nations (microblogging), held here in the first Conference on Human Environment, published a landmark historical documents << Declaration on the Human Environment >>, the formation of human environmental action plan, put forward a reverberates throughout the world slogan: Only One Earth! That meeting marks a human universal awakening to environmental issues, open a new era of sustainable development, environmental protection and sustainable development in China has since put on the important agenda of the government today, we solemnly commemorate this historic event, review the classic chapter in the Declaration, the more praise the foresight of our predecessors, to better comprehend the major responsibility of the contemporary.
China is a staunch supporter and practitioner of sustainable development. Traditional values in China, contains the spirit of sustainable development. Two thousand years ago, the ancient Chinese philosophers put forward the idea of 'nature' 'Heaven', advocate harmony with nature, which is available sustainable development of the pursuit of the highest state. 40 years, China has participated in the formation of the concept of sustainable development and the development of a landmark in the previous International Congress, resource conservation, environmental protection a basic national policy, the strategy of sustainable development as a national strategy to enter the new century, we will The scientific concept of development to establish an important guiding principle for economic and social development, its basic requirement is to insist on people-oriented, comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development(http://www.agile-news.com/).
Chinese people believe stands by its word, the line must be .40 years, we use the rich practice of sustainable development, to faithfully fulfill the domestic and the international community's commitment to implement the strictest arable land and water resources management system, with the share of world less than 10% of the arable land per capita world level only 28% of the water resources to feed the 1/5 of the population. us a few decades, such as day insist on planting trees, built the plantation has reached 620,000 square kilometers. we the past six years out of 83.83 million kilowatts of high energy consumption, heavy pollution and the small thermal power units, electric power installed capacity is equivalent to a medium-sized countries in Europe. we develop clean low-carbon energy is currently the world's total installed capacity of hydropower, wind power Since the country in 2005, in the process of rapid economic growth, China's per unit GDP energy consumption reduce by 21 percent and major pollutants sulfur dioxide and COD emissions were reduced by 16% and 14% .30 years of us to reduce the more than 200 million rural poor, was the first to achieve the Millennium Development Goals of halving poverty by country.
We also soberly aware that China is the world's largest developing country, is in the process of rapid development of industrialization and urbanization, the development of unbalanced, uncoordinated and unsustainable remains a major problem(Finance News http://www.agile-news.com/). China's resource endowments low per capita consumption, a fragile ecological environment around the development is very uneven, in accordance with the new national poverty line, we have 128 million rural poor, an annual increase of labor force of more than 10 million, the task of economic development and protecting the environment are very heavy At present, China is implementing the 12th Five-Year Plan for economic and social development, this plan reflects the Chinese government's strong determination, that is: We will never at the expense of the ecological environment and people's health in exchange for economic growth, must be out of a production the development of an affluent life and sound eco road of civilized development.
Our ideas and practices: First, to speed up the transformation of economic development and structural adjustment as the strategic initiatives that promote sustainable development to improve the structure of demand, reversing the excessive economic growth rely on the status of investment and exports, and enhance consumption on economic growth role. Optimize the industrial structure, improve the services account and the level of industrialization, urbanization and modernization of agriculture and the coordinated development of the adjustment factor input structure, human resources, the contribution of scientific and technological progress to economic growth, reduce the consumption of material resources. Insist build a resource-conserving, environment-friendly society to promote sustainable development of systems engineering. a pair of drug can cure, nor a single measure that can cure the problem of resources and the environment. of our efforts in industry, agriculture, services, etc. various fields of national economy in the various systems of government, business, family and other social organizations, the implementation is conducive to saving resources and protecting the environment mode of production, lifestyles and consumption patterns, the construction of low-input, high output, low consumption, less emissions can cycle, sustainable national economic system to improve the institutional mechanisms to strengthen capacity building as a basic guarantee for promoting sustainable development. solve the problem of resources and the environment need to market and government at the same time play a role, we focus on to improve to reflect market supply and demand conditions resource scarcities and environmental costs of resource products pricing formation mechanism, establish a sound conducive to saving resources and protecting the environment, financial and taxation system and the ecological compensation mechanism, the implementation of the accountability system for energy conservation and emission reduction targets in all regions and key enterprises to strengthen sustainable development of scientific and technological innovation, personnel training, construction of laws and regulations and international exchanges and cooperation to eliminate poverty and improve people's quality of life as the fundamental purpose of promoting sustainable development. << Declaration on the Human Environment >> word: Of all things in, is valuable. continue to strengthen our focus on improving people's livelihood and social construction, and improve employment, social security, education, health care, poverty, housing and other policies and institutions, promote the equalization of basic public services, in which all people to education, employment, medical services and a sense of security, and housing, and promote social justice and social harmony.
Ladies and gentlemen!
Promotion of sustainable development is the trend in the world, is long and arduous task, we need to continue to be innovative in concept, a breakthrough in practice, work together in action, I have the following views to share with you .
First, guarantee universal access to equal environmental rights. Not only basic political, economic and development rights, should also have basic environmental rights, the right to obtain a good living environment, the right not to be subjected to pollution hazards, the right involved in the supervision and management to improve citizens 'environmental rights and sense of responsibility, to strengthen the protection of citizens' environmental rights, to make better use of the environment, more consciously protection of the environment, sustainable development into a powerful and lasting impact on the environment behavior momentum.
Second, the path of green development are not natural slaves, nor is it a natural to dominate, but should be natural friends. Deal with the relationship between human development and environmental protection, is an eternal topic. At present, green development is a global rise, the development of green energy saving and environmental protection industries, innovation and green technology, the production of green products, developing green energy, and advocate green consumption, and not only help alleviate the contradiction between economic development and resources and the environment, and create new market demand, and provide new employment positions. the burden on the economy's 'green' growth, but the engine of growth, is an effective way to achieve sustainable development, we should develop a green economy, development and sustainable win-win situation.
Third, to strengthen the sustainable development of global governance. Global consensus on sustainable development has been formed, but the common action there is a lack of uneven, strengthen international cooperation is imperative to improve the global governance. Improve the sustainable development of global governance, economic growth should be balanced, the three pillars of social progress and environmental protection, but not limited to environmental governance, should adhere to the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities of developing countries get a fair right to development, to bear with its own ability to adapt responsibility have to respect the autonomy of the national sustainable development, to increase the representation and voice of developing countries in the sustainable development of global governance mechanism, rather than to build a green barrier. developed countries should effectively implement ODA commitments to provide adequate funding and advanced technologies, enhance environmental protection and sustainable development capacity in developing countries.
Nordic countries is an advocate and pioneer of the environmental protection and sustainable development, to lead the world in the promotion of human and natural harmonious development of a long time, Sweden capacity building in related fields to provide China with valuable help, Rui carried out the Caofeidian Jiangxi Komsomolsk, Wuxi Taihu Lake eco-city or eco-park project cooperation, fruitful pragmatic cooperation between the two countries dioxin emission reduction in the paper industry, the mercury pollution prevention, renewable energy and have made positive progress This is the highlight of cooperation between developed and developing countries, green, which I highly appreciated my visit, the two sides issued to strengthen strategic cooperation in the field of sustainable development framework document, personnel exchanges, joint research, policy dialogue, industrial cooperation and multilateral fields to establish a long-term cooperative partnership, which will inject new vitality into closer bilateral relations and promoting common development.
Ladies and gentlemen!
Natural law, the law of economic and social development, human, there are many unknown areas. I hope that today's meeting is not just a commemoration of a reflection, a commitment. Former Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme once said: 'politics is willingness. 'Chinese have a saying:' Brothers concentric, sharp enough to cut the gold. 'We have only one Earth, our common life on this planet, has the responsibility to join hands to protect the survival of their homes, not to make it appear the silence spring, but never enjoy the world of flowers.