|China's Proposals for Promoting the Political Settlement of the Syrian Issue|
On October 31, 2012, Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi, during his talks with visiting UN-Arab League Joint Special Envoy to Syria Lakhdar Brahimi, said the Chinese government attaches great importance to the Syrian issue and has been making positive efforts for a fair, peaceful and proper solution to the issue. To facilitate the political settlement of the Syrian issue, China proposes the following:
China holds that the current situation in Syria is becoming increasingly serious. The Syrian issue concerns the fundamental interests of the Syrian people and affects peace and stability in the Middle East. The international community is paying close attention to this issue. China believes that a political settlement is the only viable solution. The future and fate of Syria should be decided by the Syrian people. Relevant parties in Syria should take seriously and respond positively to the consensus reached by the international community on a peaceful settlement of the issue, launch inclusive political dialogue at an early date, and decide on the political system and development path of their country through equal, patient and extensive negotiations and consultations. The sovereignty, independence, unity and territorial integrity of Syria should be respected and maintained. China has made unremitting efforts together with other members of the international community for the just, peaceful and proper settlement of the Syrian issue. We have done so with a view to upholding the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and the basic norms governing international relations as well as peace and stability in the Middle East and the fundamental interests of the Syrian people. To facilitate the political settlement of the Syrian issue, China wishes to propose the following:
1. Relevant parties in Syria should make every effort to stop fighting and violence, and cooperate actively with the mediation efforts of Lakhdar Brahimi, the UN-Arab League Joint Special Representative, in this context. Relevant parties should implement effective steps towards a cease-fire, for example region by region or phase by phase, expand the areas of cease-fire, realize disengagement, and eventually bring an end to all armed conflict and violence.
2. Relevant parties in Syria should appoint empowered interlocutors as soon as possible so that, assisted by Joint Special Representative Brahimi and the international community, they can formulate through consultations a roadmap of political transition, establish a transitional governing body of broad representation, and implement political transition so as to end the Syrian crisis at an early date. To ensure a safe, stable and calm transition, the continuity and effectiveness of Syria's governmental institutions must be maintained.
3. The international community should work with greater urgency and responsibility to fully cooperate with and support Joint Special Representative Brahimi's mediation efforts, and make real progress in implementing the communiqué of the Geneva foreign ministers' meeting of the Action Group for Syria, Mr. Annan's six-point plan and relevant Security Council resolutions. The positive efforts of the Arab League and countries in the region in search of a political settlement should be valued.
4. Relevant parties should take concrete steps to ease the humanitarian crisis in Syria. The international community should increase humanitarian assistance to the Syrian people and ensure proper resettlement of refugees beyond the Syrian border and timely aid for those in need within Syria. The Syrian government and various parties should render full cooperation to the work of the United Nations and relevant neutral institutions to provide humanitarian assistance in all conflict-affected regions and ensure the safety of their personnel. At the same time, humanitarian issues should not be politicized and humanitarian assistance should not be militarized.